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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2004  |  Volume : 6  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 79-85

Universal new born hearing screening programme in King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, Saudi Arabia


1 Consultant and Head of Otorhinolaryngology Department, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, K.S.A, Saudi Arabia
2 Physician Audiologist Otorhinolaryngology Department, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran, K.S.A, Saudi Arabia
3 Professor and Senior Consultant, Otorhinolaryngology Department, Security Forces Hospital, Riyadh, K.S.A, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Saud Al-Saij
Consultant and Head of Otorhinolaryngology Department, King Fahd Military Medical Complex, Dhahran
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/1319-8491.289588

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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to establish in King Fahd Military Medical Complex (KFMMC) a universal newborn hearing screening (UNHS) programme and to determine the prevalence of hearing impairment in neonates delivered at our center. Materials and Methods: All neonates delivered normally or by cesarean section in KFMMC from i5 April to 15 September 2003 and either admitted to the Newborn Nursery (NN), Special Care Baby Unit (SCBU), or Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) were screened for hearing loss. The neonates delivered during the weekend were excluded from this study due to the fact that they were discharged before evaluation. Results: A total of 428 neonates were screened for hearing loss. The percentage of neonates found with normal hearing TEOAE screening was 69.6% and increased to 89% by diagnostic TEOAE then to 91.6% by screening ABR and lastly to 95.7% by diagnostic ABR. The prevalence of hearing loss in KFMMC was found to be 1.3%. Conclusion: The number of neonates with hearing loss is higher than the international record, which is 0.3%. TEOAE can be used successfully in UNHS.


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