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Year : 2009  |  Volume : 11  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 32-39

Risk Factors of Specific Language Impairment in 2 and 3 years old Saudi Children

1 Audiology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Phoniatrics, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt

Correspondence Address:
Khayria A Al-Abduljawad
Associate Professor of Audiology College of Applied Medical Sciences, King Saud University, P.O. Box 105595 Riyadh 11656
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-8491.275323

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Objectives: to identify some of the risk factors underlying specific language impairment among 2 and 3 years old Saudi children. Methods: All children suffering from delayed language development at the ages of 2 and 3 years have been studied from amongst those attending the speech clinic in King Abdulaziz University Hospital , Riyadh and Ministry of Health in Riyadh ,Saudi Arabia between January 2007 to July 2007.Detailed history was taken including personal history stressing on parental consanguinity, socioeconomic level of the family, the family size, mother’s level of education and vocation and family history of speech/language disorders. This history was complemented by a questionnaire that was filled by parents about all information needed for the history. Any child with problems was excluded. Intelligence tests were done. The sample was composed of 92 children, 2 and 3 years old, of normal prenatal, natal, postnatal and developmental histories, of average intelligence, and of normal hearing on the sensory level. Language assessment using the standardized Saudi Arabic Language Test (S.A.L.T.) was done to assess both receptive and expressive language abilities of these children. Results: Correlating the socio-demographic risk factors with the language performance of the whole sample, results showed that all factors : positive consanguinity, low socioeconomic state, low or no mother’s education and no vocation, were highly significantly correlated with the poor language achievement at P=0.000. Similarly, the presence of recurrent otitis media and the presence of positive family history of speech/language disorders, both showed high significant correlations among the poor language achievement of the sample at P=0.000. Conclusion: In the present study, we evaluated six risk factors influencing language development of 2 and 3 years old Saudi children. Results proved the strong influence of all factors studied.

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