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Year : 2015  |  Volume : 17  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 52-54

Incidence and pattern of thyroid malignancy in Wadi Al-Dawasir Region of Saudi Arabia

Qua Associate Professor of ENT and Head & Neck Surgery, Consultant ENT/Head & Neck Surgeon, Department of Ear, Nose, Throat and Head & Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, King Khalid University, Abha, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
FKSU, JB, FIS Ali S Al-Qahtani
Vice Dean for Academic Development and Quality College of Medicine King Khalid University P. O. Box 3877 Abha 61481
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-8491.274658

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Objectives: To estimate the incidence and examine the pattern of thyroid malignancy, assess the magnitude of the disease, methods of management and ways of improvement to ease the burden on patients residing in the region of Wadi Al-Dawasir in the south of the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Methods: Retrospective cohort study from January 2001 to December 2008 which included all patients with goiter who underwent total thyroidectomy at Armed Forces Hospital, Wadi Al-Dawasir, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and were followed regularly until end of July 2014. Results: There were 107 thyroidectomy cases during the study period, eight of them proved to be malignant. The malignant cases were all females who received radioactive iodine following their surgery and were followed every 6 months until the end of July 2014. Conclusions: The study showed that the incidence of malignancy among patients with goiter treated surgically at Armed Forces Hospital, Wadi Al-Dawasir, is less than other regions of Saudi Arabia while the average age of patients is younger than that in other areas. Due to remoteness of the region, a full oncology service is needed to lessen the burden on patients seeking cancer treatment.

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