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Year : 2016  |  Volume : 18  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 37-41

Common Allergens noticed in patients with allergic rhinitis and asthma at a tertiary care centre in Western Saudi Arabia

1 Deptartment of Allergy, King Abdullah Medical City (KAMC), Mecca, Saudi Arabia
2 ENT Department, King Abdullah Medical City (KAMC), Mecca, Saudi Arabia
3 ENT Department King Abdullah Medical City (KAMC), Mecca, Saudi Arabia
4 Student, Umm-AlQura University, Mecca, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
O Marglani
King Abdullah Medical city (KAMC) Associate Professor
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-8491.275261

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Introduction and Objectives: Skin testing has been performed over decades to diagnose allergic disorders in clinical practice. Its safety has been well established. Skin prick test (SPT) is usually done by placing and testing for multiple allergen extracts on the skin preferably forearm. SPT was done to know IgE sensitization in patients with Allergic rhinitis and Asthma, attending allergy clinic during a one-year period. Design and Setting: A retrospective chart review was done and an Institutional Review Board approval was obtained. Patients and Methods: In this study skin prick test was performed using 24 allergen extracts on one hundred and twelve patients (112) with Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma at a tertiary care centre, Mecca Saudi Arabia between June 2012-July 2013. Results: Eighty two (73.2%) patients had a positive skin prick test. Dust mite Dermatophagoides Pteronyssinus (DP), Dermatophagoides Farinae (DF) were the most common allergens and Mimosa was the least. Conclusion: The Skin prick test is cost effective, most convenient and easy to perform test in diagnosing IgE mediated allergy.

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