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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 19-28

Risk factors contribution to pediatric allergic rhinitis in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Otolaryngology-Head Neck Surgery, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Family Medicine, Ibn Sina College for Medical Studies, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
FRCSC Talal A Al-Khatib
Department of Otolaryngology, Faculty of Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, PO Box 80215; Jeddah 21589;
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/1319-8491.277842

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Objectives/Hypothesis: To identify risk factors contributing to AR among preschool children in Jeddah (SAUDI ARABIA). Study design: Case control study. Methods: The study comprised 128 children with ISAAC diagnosed AR, and 189 children as controls. Logistic regression was used. The odds ratio (OR) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI) were calculated. Results: The significant risk factors for AR were high socio-economic class (OR 3.08; 95% CI 1.69, 5.165), smoking of the father (OR 0.379; 95% CI 0.214, 0.674), age of the child (OR 2.665; 95% CI1.445, 4.910), formula feeding (OR 5.41; 95% CI 3.024, 9.679), family history of allergy (OR 4.27; 95% CI 2.74, 7.39), obesity (OR 2.234; 95% CI 1.18, 4.22), and respiratory tract infection (OR: 7.997; 95% CI: 4.019, 15.913). Conclusions: Environmental, genetic, nutritional as well as life style factors are risk factors for development of AR, and should be considered when planning medical care services for preschool children.

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