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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 21  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 29-32

Universal neonatal hearing screening in a tertiary care center in South India

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology and Head and Neck Surgery, Jahra Hospital, Al Jahra, Kuwait
2 Department of ENT, Al Azhar Medical College and Super Specialty Hospital, Idukki, Kerala, India
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Mahatma Gandhi Medical College and Research Institute, Sri Balaji Vidyapeeth University, Puducherry, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Davis Thomas Pulimoottil
Department of ENT, Al Azhar Medical College and Super Specialty Hospital, Ezhalloor, Thodupuzha, Idukki - 685 608, Kerala
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/SJOH.SJOH_6_19

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Objective: The aim of the study is to determine the prevalence of hearing loss among newborn infants and to assess the effectiveness and utility of otoacoustic emission (OAE) as a screening tool to detect hearing impairment in newborns and the relationship between selected risk factors and hearing loss. Study Design: This study involved 3121 newborns delivered in a tertiary care center over a 3-year period, who were subjected to distortion product OAE (DPOAE) within 24–72 h of life; failed candidates underwent repeat DPOAE after 30 days. Infants failed the second DPOAE test and then underwent DPOAE and brain stem-evoked response audiometry (BERA) at 3 months of life. Results: 20.95% newborns failed the first screening test, 11.77% failed the second test, and 61.91% of these infants failed the third OAE test. Of the 26 infants who failed the third test, 15 had abnormal results on BERA. Overall, the prevalence of hearing loss was 0.48%. Conclusion: Implementation of a national universal newborn hearing screening program in India is the need of the hour, as early detection of hearing loss will aid early rehabilitation and better outcomes.

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