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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-40

Hydrogen peroxide as a hemostatic agent in tonsillectomy: Is it beneficial?

1 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, RVM Institute of Medical Sciences, Siddipet, Telangana, India
2 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Kinder Multispecialty Hospital, Cochin, Kerala, India
3 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Meenakshi Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Saai Ram Thejas
Department of Otorhinolaryngology, RVM Institute of Medical Sciences, Laxmakkapally Village, Mulugu Mandal, Siddipet - 502 279, Telangana
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjoh.sjoh_40_20

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Background: Tonsillectomy as a surgical procedure has been practiced by ENT surgeons for a very long time. A common indication for Tonsillectomy is Chronic Tonsillitis, among others. The surgery is largely safe irrespective of the method used. Haemorrhage can be a life-threatening complication post Tonsillectomy if it is not identified and treated immediately. Various techniques are used to achieve haemostasis and prevent haemorrhage including surgical tie, cautery, local application of adrenaline or hydrogen peroxide among others. Aims and Objectives: To understand the vasoconstrictive and haemostatic properties of Hydrogen Peroxide in Tonsillectomy. Materials and Methods: One hundred and thirty-three (133) patients undergoing Tonsillectomy for Chronic Tonsillitis were part of the study. Dissection and Snare technique was performed. 23 patients needed the use of cautery/knot for haemostasis and were then excluded from the study. To avoid bias, dissection of the right tonsil was taken as Group 1 and left tonsil as Group 2. Normal Saline soaked cotton ball was used to give local pressure in the tonsillar fossa in Group 1 and 3% Hydrogen Peroxide soaked cotton ball was used in Group 2. Blood loss and time taken to dissect were taken as parameters of study. Observations and Results: In Group 1, it took 14.29 minutes on an average from first incision to completion. In Group 2, it took 12.15 minutes on an average from first incision to completion. The time in Group 2 was 14.97% lesser than Group 1. The average blood loss in Group 1 was 56.47 ml and in Group 2 the same value stood at 47.41 ml. The blood loss in Group 2 was 16.04% lesser than in Group 1. There were no complications encountered. Conclusion: 3% Hydrogen Peroxide is a potent agent for antimicrobial activity and haemostasis when introduced in the tonsillar fossa post tonsillectomy. When used in moderation, it is very effective in preventing blood loss. Also, there are no serious complications associated with the use of Hydrogen Peroxide as a haemostatic agent.

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