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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 23  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 117-122

The prevalence of chronic sinusitis symptoms among inflammatory bowel disease patients at tertiary hospital in Riyadh

1 Department of Otolaryngology, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Otolaryngology-Head&Neck Surgery, College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Gastroenterology, King Khalid University Hospital, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Otolaryngology, King Fahd Central Hospital in Jizan, Jazan, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ibrahim Sumaily
Department of Otolaryngology, King Fahd Central Hospital in Jizan, Jazan
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjoh.sjoh_22_21

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Background: The etiologies of both chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) and inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) are not well known. Both are inflammatory diseases that are triggered by genetic and environmental factors. Existing literature lacks the evaluation of the overlap between these clinical entities. Herein, we attempt to determine the prevalence of CRS symptoms among the patients with IBD at King Khalid University Hospital. Methodology: This text presents a cross-sectional study on patients with confirmed diagnoses based on colonoscopy and histological findings. Patients were evaluated using the chronic sinusitis survey (CSS) and the rhinosinusitis disability index (RSDI). Other variables evaluated in this study include age, gender, chronic illnesses, duration of the IBD, smoking, medications, and family history. Results: Eighty-two IBD patients were enrolled in the study, and of these patients, 61 have Crohn's disease (CD) and 21 have ulcerative colitis (UC). There was no statistically significant difference in the presence of sinonasal symptoms between patients with CD and UC: 11.47% and 9.52%, respectively. CSS score was nonsignificantly higher among CD patients: 10.79 compared to 6.15 for UC patients, P = 0.125. In addition, the RSDI score was higher among CD patients: 13.11 compared to 5.14 in UC patients. However, this difference is not significant, P = 0.069. Conclusion: The prevalence of CRS symptoms among IBD patients is comparable to the general population. It was nonsignificantly less prevalent in UC patients in comparison to CD patients.

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