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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 27-34

Ear-related problems among headphone users in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Prince Mansour Military Hospital, Taif, KSA
2 Department of Otolaryngology, Taif University, Taif, KSA

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Hazem Khairan Althobaiti
Taif University, Taif
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjoh.sjoh_50_21

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Background and Objectives: The middle ear cleft and the tympanum inflammation are defined as otitis media. The patient's use of headphones has been linked to aural hygiene issues and ear canal infections. Interestingly, there are not enough studies discussing the hazardous effects of prolonged use of headphones. This study aims to estimate the prevalence of ear infection among headphone users. Materials and Methodology: A cross-sectional study was conducted between February 2021 and December 2021 among 435 Saudi participants through a pretested questionnaire that was published using an online-based (electronic) form. The questionnaire included items related to pattern of hearing devices used among them and ear-related problems. This study includes all persons using earphones in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia whose native language is Arabic. Results: Experiencing ear-related problems is statistically significantly correlated with ear infection (P = 0.000), using both ears (P = 0.000), female gender (P = 0.009), being a student (P = 0.003), using the hearing device >120 min/day (P = 0.015); however, it is not statistically correlated with age, type of residency, or the type of device being used (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Increased usage of hearing devices and prolonged time of use can have detrimental effects on ear problems. These possible effects are statistically significantly correlated with young age, female gender, being a student, using the device for more than 120 min/day, using the device for more than 4 years, or having chronic diseases in the past.

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