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Year : 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 163-167

Knowledge, attitude, and practice of office-based laryngeal assessment among adult smokers in Saudi Arabia

1 Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Saud University Medical City, College of Medicine, King Saudi University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Emergency Medicine, Prince Abdulaziz Bin Musaed Hospital, Arar, Saudi Arabia
3 Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Hafar Central Hospital, Hafar Al-Batin, Saudi Arabia
4 Department of Otolaryngology, King Faisal Specialist Hospital and Research Center, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
5 Department of Family Medicine, Al Midhnab General Hospital, Qassim, Saudi Arabia
6 Department of Otolaryngology, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Manal Ahmed Bukhari
Department of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, King Saud University Medical City, College of Medicine, King Saudi University, Riyadh
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/sjoh.sjoh_51_22

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Background: Voice change or dysphonia can be caused by many factors. Smoking is one significant risk factor that has been proven to impact voice quality significantly. The smoker's prevalence has increased recently in Saudi Arabia, mainly among men. In this study, we will assess the prevalence of Saudi smokers' knowledge and practice of visiting ENT clinics due to their voice change and the importance of laryngeal assessment. Methods: This descriptive cross-sectional study collected 448 adult smokers throughout the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia using a validated electronic questionnaire from March to September 2022. We interpret and assess the data of knowledge and demographic variables and ENT clinic visits. To determine the association between our variables, we analyzed the data using SPSS Statistics, version 25. Results: Most participants were between 18 and 34-year-old. The majority of the participants are males (81.5%). The vast majority have never undergone a laryngeal exam (71.4%), and 70.5% do not know about such an assessment. The knowledge questions found that most participants answered as “I do not know,” ranging from 27.7% to 71.2%. Only 123 (27.5%) participants noticed voice changes. Conclusion: Voice change is a common symptom frequently noticed by active smokers. It can be a warning sign of severe hidden pathology. Such a type of pathology can be spotted by simple laryngeal assessment. For early recognition of these lesions, it is crucial for smokers' to be aware of the efficacy and advantages of laryngeal assessment and its importance.

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