Saudi Journal of Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2022  |  Volume : 24  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 67--72

Prevalence, knowledge, and practice regarding allergic rhinitis among Madinah Population, Saudi Arabia, in 2019–2020


Nisreen Ghazi Albouq, Rayan Ahmad Julaidan 
 Department of Otolaryngology, Ohoud Hospital, Madinah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Nisreen Ghazi Albouq
Department of Otolaryngology, Ohoud Hospital, Madinah
Saudi Arabia

Background: Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common chronic respiratory disorder characterized by itching, sneezing, nasal congestion, and rhinorrhea, prevalent in Saudi Arabia. Objectives: This study investigates the AR prevalence and assesses the knowledge and practices of the population about the disease. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Otolaryngology and Allergy Clinics, Ohud Hospital, Madinah in 2019–2020. The data were collected by an electronic self-administered questionnaire, grouped into four sections: demographic data, the prevalence of AR using a valid translated scoring tool, and knowledge and practice of the population about AR. Results: The study included 524 participants, of which 56.1% were aged 20–29 years. Female participants were 324.88 (62%), and male participants were 199.12 (38%). Using a valid translated scoring tool, the prevalence of AR was 27.9%, and only a family history of allergy was a significant factor associated with AR (P < 0.001). Overall, most of the participants (76.3%) had adequate knowledge about AR, in which AR (P = 0.001) or a family history of AR (P < 0.001) was significantly associated with AR adequate knowledge. Moreover, 26.3% responded that they are visiting physicians when developing symptoms. However, 31.2% of participants used steroid nasal sprays. Nearly half (47.9%) of the participants bought over-the-counter drugs without consulting a physician. Conclusion: AR is a common problem affecting a considerable proportion of the population in Madinah city, Saudi Arabia, particularly those with a positive family history. Fortunately, knowledge about the disease is adequate. However, health workers must improve the practice of the population.


How to cite this article:
Albouq NG, Julaidan RA. Prevalence, knowledge, and practice regarding allergic rhinitis among Madinah Population, Saudi Arabia, in 2019–2020.Saudi J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2022;24:67-72


How to cite this URL:
Albouq NG, Julaidan RA. Prevalence, knowledge, and practice regarding allergic rhinitis among Madinah Population, Saudi Arabia, in 2019–2020. Saudi J Otorhinolaryngol Head Neck Surg [serial online] 2022 [cited 2022 Oct 2 ];24:67-72
Available from: https://www.sjohns.org/article.asp?issn=1319-8491;year=2022;volume=24;issue=2;spage=67;epage=72;aulast=Albouq;type=0